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How to Use Your Washing Machine: A Comprehensive Guide

I have put together a comprehensive guide on how to use your washing machine.

Each of the functions and settings in your washing machine is summarized here, then you can click on to the full guides and articles that I have written for you for even more information.

The Tree Slots in Washing Machines

One slot in your washing machine is for regular detergent, one is for pre-wash detergent, and one is for fabric softener. Each dispenses at a different time of the washing process, affecting how the clothes react to them. The three slots are also set to release differently. 

Check out my full article for more details.

How To Add Detergent to Washer

You should add your detergent to your washer before the clothes go in if you have a front-loading washing machine. If your washing machine is top-loading, you can add your detergent after the clothes are put in the drum. 

More details on adding detergent to your wash here.

How to Add Fabric Softener to Washer

Here’s how to add fabric softener to the washer in three steps:

  1. Sort the clothes.
  2. Measure the correct amount of fabric softener for your load.
  3. Add the fabric softener to the washer at the appropriate time.

For more details, check out my complete guide on add fabric softener.

How Long It Takes To Do Laundry

Laundry takes about 30 minutes to over an hour, assuming you use a normal wash cycle. The actual time varies depending on factors like the wash cycle you use, the amount of laundry, how dirty the laundry is, and the washer’s condition. You also need to account for pre-wash and drying times.

Quoted from my comprehensive article on how long it takes to do laundry.

How Many Clothes to Put in Your Washer

The capacity of the washer refers to how many clothes you can put in the tub in a single load without impacting the washing quality or performance. The following chart illustrates this perfectly.

Washer CapacityNumber and Type of Clothes
5 KG (small)12 T-shirts, or 3 shirts and one pair of pants, or 6 towels
5.5 KG (small)16 T-shirts, or 4 shirts and one pair of pants, or 8 towels
6 KG (small)20 T-shirts, or 5 shirts and two pairs of pants, or 10 towels
6.5 KG (Medium)24 T-shirts, or 6 shirts and two pairs of pants, or 12 towels
7 KG (Medium)28 T-shirts, or 7 shirts and three pairs of pants, or one double duvet
8 KG (Medium)32 T-shirts, or 8 shirts and three pairs of jeans, or 2 bedsheets and 4 towels
10 KG (Large)40 T-shirts, or 5 shirts and two pairs of jeans and two towels, or 3 bedsheets, 3 towels, and 6 pillowcases
12 KG (Extra Large)50 T-shirts, or 7 shirts, 3 pairs of jeans and 3 towels, or 5 bedsheets, 4 towels, and 8 pillowcases
Table from my guide on loading your washing machine.

What Temperature to Wash Clothes

Here’s a basic guide to what temperature to wash clothes at based on their type.

TemperatureSettingClothes Type
130 degrees Fahrenheit or 55 degrees Celsius or higherHotHeavily soiled clothing, fabrics that need to be disinfected
60-80 degrees Fahrenheit or 16-27 degrees CelsiusColdBrightly colored clothing, delicate clothing, clothing susceptible to shrinking (i.e., wool), rinsing all clothes
90-110 degrees Fahrenheit or 32-43 degrees Celsius WarmAll other fabrics

Of course, it can be slightly more complicated than this, which is why we’ve written a complete guide for you to follow.

Pros and Cons of Washing With Cold Water

Washing in cold water can help you save money on energy bills, be more gentle on your delicate fabrics, and positively impact the environment. However, cold water might not be the best choice if you wash clothing that needs to be sanitized rather than just cleaned, such as scrubs or reusable diapers. 

More on pros and cons of washing with hot water here.

Soil Level Setting

The washer has different soil level settings to help you get your laundry cleaned while conserving energy and water consumption. The three common soil level settings are Light, Normal, and Heavy. Each soil level has different water, energy, temperature, and duration settings.

Quoted from my full guide on using soil levels.

Spin Cycles

The spin cycle of the washer dryer forces moisture out of the laundry to render it as dry or close to dry as possible. The spin cycle speed determines how fast and efficiently the machine will get the laundry dry. But a high speed isn’t always a good thing, especially with delicate and sensitive fabrics. Many machines have an anti-crease feature to prevent wrinkles.

More about spin cycles here.

Washing Machine Cycles Explained

Pre Wash

Prewash in a washing machine is a short, cold water wash cycle that you run before the regular process. It’s for excessively soiled items or those with a care label that recommends prewashing. The prewash loosens dirt and stains and gives your clothes an initial wash before the regular cycle starts.

More about pre wash here.

Extra Rinse

The extra rinse cycle is a setting in the washer that allows you to give the laundry more time in clean water to get rid of all traces of the laundry detergent. It can be necessary with certain types of laundry, such as towels, bed sheets, and denim fabrics. People with sensitive skin will need the extra rinse cycle to ensure that the laundry is detergent-free.

Quoted from my article on extra rinse.

Delay Setting

The delay on the washer is a feature that allows you to delay the start of the washing process according to your needs. Many washers let you delay the washing by anything from one hour to 24 hours. If you know the exact time when you’ll be free to take out the laundry, then load the washer and set it to start one or two hours before the time you’re free.

More on using the delay funtion.

Intense Setting

The heavy duty setting in the washer is reserved for heavily-stained clothes, sturdy fabrics, and activewear outfits. It provides more water agitation, longer washing time, and the highest water temperature. This setting is suited for people who lead an active lifestyle or work in hazardous or unclean environments.

More on how to use the intense setting.

Daily 60 Setting

This is a setting found in most modern washing models. It is designed with a specific mechanism to remove most heavy soiling on clothes within a specific period. 

Once set in this program, clothes can be thoroughly washed at 60 degrees for 60 minutes. It is perfect for washing dirty cotton, heavy linen, and colored clothes.

Quoted from my article on the Daily 60 setting.

Quick Wash

A quick wash setting often takes considerably less time to finish than other cycles. It also requires less laundry detergent and less water. When you have a slightly dirty load of laundry, then you would want to use the quick wash cycle to save on water, energy, and detergent. It also protects the fabrics from unnecessary long exposure to the chemicals in the detergent.

Learn more about quick was here.

Economy Wash

Economy wash in your washer or dishwasher is a setting that addresses the problem of high water and energy consumption while still delivering good results. It doesn’t use high temperatures, which saves electricity. And while it may take longer time to finish than other modes, it does a good job conserving water as well.

Tap here for my full guide on economy wash.

Sanitize Cycle

The sanitize cycle on your washer behaves as advertised. It uses steam or hot water to kill the laundry’s germs, allergens, dander, and parasites. Although it’s not for everyone, some, like healthcare workers and those exposed to all kinds of bacteria at work, will benefit from the sanitize cycle.

Quoted from my Sanitize Cycle article.

Hygiene Setting

The hygiene cycle is a washing machine program designed to run hotter cycles or incorporate hot steams. 

Typically, the cycle runs on temperatures above 60 degrees and is meant to rid clothes of infectious germs and allergens to make them safer to wear.

Quoted from my article on the hygiene setting.

Allergy Care Setting

The allergy care setting on washers is suitable for those with dust and pollen allergies. It works hard to remove dust mites, bacteria, and yeast. Generally, an allergy care cycle consists of steam and hot water to properly remove all debris and particles. It’s also good for sensitive skin.

More on allergy care here.

Baby Cycle

The baby cycle on washing machines is an extended hot water cycle that’s gentle on baby clothing but effectively removes bacteria. It rinses the laundry several times to ensure that all traces of detergent that can irritate a baby’s sensitive skin are removed. 

Full article on the baby cycle.

Drum Clean Setting

Many washers have simplified the task of cleaning the drum by including a drum clean setting on the panel. This setting allows you to clean the drum thoroughly with a push of one button. 

Here is how to use it properly.

Easy Iron Setting

Easy iron is the functionality of some washing machine programs designed to make washed clothes ironing easier. Machines with this feature can be set to spin much slower to ensure the clothes come out much less creased, shortening ironing time and energy. 

More on using easy iron here.

Normal Cycle

The normal cycle on washing machines often refers to the cycle you use for everyday washing.

  • It uses fast agitation and moderate water temperatures between 120 and 140 degrees F.
  • It’s best suited for cotton and blended fabrics with medium soil.
  • The cycle averages 90 minutes to finish.

Learn more about the normal cycle.

Casual Cycle

The Casual cycle is a short cycle that conserves water and energy consumption. It’s the ideal setting for lightly soiled office wear, synthetics, casual wear, and knitwear. The cycle doesn’t put much strain on the clothes and uses warm water and slow-speed spinning.

You can learn more about the casual cycle here.

Mixed Load

The mixed load setting on a washing machine is a wash cycle that cleans multiple fabric types in a single load. It can wash several common durable materials (i.e., cotton, linen, polyester, denim, etc.) together without causing damage. However, you should avoid using delicate garments on this cycle.

More on Mixed Load here.

Color Setting

The Color setting on washers should be used when washing colored or dark clothes that are more likely to bleed dye into the rest of the clothes and fade after every cycle. This setting ensures that the rinsing water is cold and the spin speed is low to minimize the chances of the dye bleeding. 

Learn more about the color setting here.

Bulky Setting

The bulky setting on washers is for bulky items that take up space and cannot be washed in the same load as other clothes. These bulky items include blankets, towels, quilts, comforters, bath mats, and sleeping cases. The bulky setting uses more water and gentler spinning than other cycles.

Quoted from my article on the bulky setting.

Wrinkle Control

The wrinkle control or permanent press is a feature in some washers that prevents wrinkled laundry during the washing cycle. With the help of alternating warm and cold water and in the drying cycle with controlled spinning, reverse spinning, and intervals of rest between spinning.

More on wrinke control here.

Anti-Crease

The anti-crease function on washers is a tumbling setting that is activated after a wash cycle. It’s designed to reduce wrinkling when washing synthetic fabrics like spandex, polyester, and nylon. Avoid using this feature when washing heavy fabrics like cotton and denim.

Learn more about anti-crease here.

Synthetics Cycle

Your synthetic wash is a program in many washers for synthetic fabrics such as polyester, rayon, nylon, and acrylic. These fabrics are thin, repel moisture and stains, and don’t require a lot of agitation or spinning to get them cleaned up in the washer. 

Quoted from my article on the synthetics cycle.

Steam Wash

Steam wash is a unique feature in some advanced washers. It brings the water to boiling temperatures and then launches jets of steam on the laundry.

This steam kills germs and fungi in the laundry and the tub, keeps the clothes wrinkle-free, and makes drying faster and easier.

Check out my article on steam wash here.

Perm Press Setting

The permanent press cycle puts your washer in low spin mode to avoid wrinkles. It begins the cycle with warm water to relax the folds and proceeds to rinse with cold water. It is best used for clothes with a synthetic or semi-synthetic blend. 

More details on perm press here.

Delicate Wash

The delicate wash is one of the gentlest cycles on the washer. It uses gentle agitation, low spin speed, and regular water temperatures to get delicate clothes washed in a short time.

It also conserves water and energy, which reduces utility bills.

Quoted from my article on delicate wash.

Hand Wash Cycle

Hand wash is a feature in modern washing machines designed for washing clothes with a hand-wash-only label. Due to their delicate nature, these clothes are not compatible with washing in the standard cycles. 

The most common clothes include ones made of fabrics such as wool, cashmere, silk, and chiffon, among others.

Quoted from my article on the hand wash cycle.

When to Use Cotton 60/40/20C

When to use 60/40/20 degrees celsius depends on the fabric type and the kind of stain. For delicate fabric and organic stains, you can use 20 degrees celsius. 

In comparison, the settings for tougher fabrics, such as jeans with oily soiling, 40-60 degrees celsius setting would be the perfect fit.

More detailed information over here.

Drain Setting/Mode

The drain program removes water from the washing machine tub into the drain.

The drain mechanism involves the washer pump pushing out the water via the drain hose before it starts to refill in readiness for the rinsing cycle. 

More on how to use the drain setting here.

Ready-to-Wear Setting

Ready to wear is a quick wash-and-dry program for small wash loads. It is specifically designed for lightweight synthetics averaging 1kg or less.

The cycle is designed to take less time and therefore takes up minimal energy and water requirements as well.

Learn more about the ready to wear setting here.

Freshen-Up Setting

The freshen-up cycle is a quick cycle for clothes that are not soiled but might have an off smell or slight odors. You can also use this setting for clothes that have been stored for a while and might look clean but need to be freshened up. This cycle is similar to the quick cycle and would finish within 15 minutes.

More about the freshen-up setting here.

Rinse Hold Setting

Rinse hold is designed to pause the program and hold the clothes before draining the final rinse water.

This stops the clothes from wrinkling if left in a dry washer drum.

Usually, an indicator will be on when the setting is in progress.

More on rinse hold here.

Rinse and Spin Setting

Rinse and spin is as straightforward as it sounds; rinse the load and spin it. It is not envisaged to be a deep-cleaning cycle, so no detergent is required. 

Water flows into the drum, and clothes are agitated to rinse before they are spun at high speeds to remove a large part of the moisture to make the drying process easier.

Learn more about rinse and spin here.

Air Dry Setting

The air dry in the washing machine is a function where vents within the drum run warm air over wet clothes during the spin cycle. As the drum rotates, it wrings excess water from the clothes. Meanwhile, the vents draw warm air from the surroundings and dry the clothes without heat. 

More on air dry here.

Cotton Eco Setting

As the name suggests, the cotton eco program is designed to optimize the usage of the main requirements in washing in the most ecological possible way. 

With this wash mode, washing machines use less water and power, contributing to the conservation of natural resources for a greener world.

Quoted from my article on the cotton eco setting.

Anti Stain Setting

This setting was created to balance the variables used in washing to ensure success in stain removal in one wash cycle.

These critical elements include water, detergent, temperature, and drum rotations.

Learn more about the anti stain setting here.

Key Lock in Washing Machines

Key lock is a washing machine functionality intended to protect the washing machine and the users during its operation. 

This symbol can take various forms depending on the washer model. But generally, it appears as a key lock or CL letters when it is activated.

Learn more about how to use it here.

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